History of the Cerrillos area
Before the arrival of the Spanish in the late 1500s, the area around Cerrillos produced a large amount of turquoise. The area for trading these gems extended as far south as the Valley of Mexico.
The first town to be formed in the area was called Los Cerrillos. It was an early Spanish settlement harboring refugees from the 1680 pueblo revolt. That first community has not survived but another grew up in the late 1800s.
That community which still remains was founded as a mining town around the time of the lead strike of 1879. In its heyday, it sported 21 saloons and 4 hotels. Now there is a picturesque adobe village left with a trading post, galleries, and an adobe church.